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What happened in the midterm elections? Breaking down 2022’s “election influencers”

Before the midterm elections, the contest had been framed — by the events and voters alike — as considerations about financial forces set towards considerations about rights and democracy. Those forces remained by way of Election Day, when our key teams of influencers actually held sway. 

Here we unpack a few of that affect from our unique CBS News election voter poll, which was unveiled on election night time.

What gave Republicans their (slim) edge?

“Pressured Parents”

The Republicans will in all probability win the nationwide House vote in half helped by these voters, albeit narrowly. These had been mother and father who’ve skilled post-pandemic stress over their funds and their children. And they mirrored the nation by voting narrowly Republican.

Their share of the voters grew from our pre-election estimates of 13% as much as 19% on Election Day, they usually narrowly backed Republicans for the House. That bigger dimension might mirror rising considerations about funds amongst the voters, and most of them did report getting extra pessimistic in the closing weeks.

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However, Democrats did shut the hole with them barely over the fall, reflecting an total tighter contest. Pressured mother and father had been 47-40 for Republicans in October, and ended up 50-47 Republican by Election Day. Those who determined late (although not too quite a few) broke towards the Democrats. 

They fell alongside normal marketing campaign themes. Those who reported rising considerations about funds broke towards the Republicans, whereas these reporting rising considerations about democracy or political violence broke towards the Democrats. 

What stored Democrats aggressive?

“The Young and Restless”

These voters bought up and went to the polls, and did so in barely greater proportion for Democrats than they had been leaning in October. All this helped the Democrats maintain issues shut, as our pre-election fashions had anticipated it might.

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Not all had indicated they undoubtedly would vote in the months previous to the election, leaving them as a key group to look at. This echoed the nationwide exit polls (which use a wider definition set of under-30s that features these with kids) that likewise urged youthful voters did prove in numbers approaching their 2018 proportions, to assist Democrats. 

How did abortion issue in?

“Restoring Roe” Voters

This group is girls who prioritized abortion rights. 

They began as strongly Democratic in October and solely elevated additional, going from 81% Democratic to an awesome 90% in the closing vote. 

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This suggests Democrats’ messaging about which social gathering to decide on to specific their concern — and about what to prioritize — was profitable. 

For 9 in 10 of them, they reported this election was extra about personal freedoms than it was about personal funds. So, regardless of most of them calling the economic system dangerous, they voted on abortion — and for Democrats — anyway.

In truth, to the extent any reported altering views on the economic system in latest weeks, extra turned pessimistic about the economic system than turned optimistic. Still voted for Democrats.

Their share of the voters didn’t develop from October, however the added proportion of Democratic vote certainly helped maintain many House races nearer on web.

And the impression of the political proper?

Trump True Believers

These Republicans determine as a part of the “MAGA” motion and voted — unsurprisingly — overwhelmingly for Republicans. They made up 18% of voters in our estimates, barely decrease than the 20% they had been in our pre-election polling, offset to some extent by turnout from different teams. Some of this may need amounted to the relative distinction between a lean GOP House majority and a bigger one.

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But in phrases of total affect, they’d had a number of impression on the social gathering — and thus had been price watching — together with their affect on the candidates the social gathering had chosen throughout the year and the messaging they promoted. Some of the high-profile candidates who superior in primaries didn’t finally fare properly in a number of races, together with shedding in Pennsylvania and Michigan, suggesting which will have turned off some extra centrist voters.


This CBS News/YouGov survey relies on 3,933 interviews of voters. An preliminary survey was carried out between Nov. 3-7, 2022, utilizing a nationally consultant pattern of 5,210 U.S. registered voters to find out seemingly voters. 3,933 voters had been included in the  closing evaluation. 3,261 seemingly voters who had not but voted at the time of the preliminary survey had been recontacted on Election Day, Nov. 8, 2022, for a brief reinterview. 2,125 responded — a recontact rate of 65%. The closing pattern of voters was weighted to be consultant of seemingly voters in keeping with gender, age, race, training, geographic area, and partisan identification. During election night time, the weighting included present estimates of the complete nationwide mixture home vote as reported vote got here in. The margin of error for the whole pattern is +/- 1.8 pts. 

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