The rise of the ‘second city’

Good morning, Chicago.

Few salesmen can predict the future like a newsboy making an attempt to promote a paper. When Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in 1941, the information unfold in matches and begins throughout Chicago, however at the least one newspaper hawker knew what he had: “They’re historic, and will be worth money years from now.”

The begin of World War II was removed from the solely headline price retaining throughout that period of Chicago, which noticed the city’s mayor shot useless, a devastating Depression, one other world’s truthful, the beginning of blues music, the founding of Playboy Magazine, and the origins of Chicago’s most well-known dish.

And then there was that different headline, the time the Tribune referred to as the presidential election for the incorrect man. You can learn extra about that from Rick Kogan here, whereas Ron Grossman offers readers a look into what the Tribune wasn’t overlaying in these days.

You’ll discover many of these headlines in our new e-book commemorating the Chicago Tribune’s one hundred and seventy fifth anniversary, that includes greater than 100 historic entrance pages. But maybe you’d relatively simply check your information. We’ve received you coated there too. Take our quiz and see how a lot you recognize about the place a New York author as soon as referred to as the “second city.”

– Jocelyn Allison, Marianne Mather and Kori Rumore

More anniversary protection | Vintage Voices | Pulitzer Prizes | Famous front pages | Vintage Tribune newsletter | 175th merchandise

Tribune editor and writer Col. Robert R. McCormick was livid when an early deadline led the paper to print an inaccurate headline proclaiming Thomas Dewey the winner of the 1948 presidential election. But it was a uncommon flub in an in any other case profitable time for McCormick, who had succeeded in making the paper indispensable, writes Rick Kogan.

From the Jazz Age by way of the Nineteen Forties and past, Black musicians who had migrated from locations like New Orleans had been remodeling music in Chicago. But to its discredit, the Tribune largely ignored them, as an alternative writing about white performers like Benny Goodman. This occurred whilst Black musicians had been lauded by the bigger musical world.

During the Roaring ‘20s, the nation was riding high, and so was the stock market. America was the land of productivity and plenty, where wages were rising and prices were falling. But Americans intoxicated by new wealth were blind to an economic bubble that was quickly approaching the bursting point.

Chicago’s second world’s truthful opened May 27, 1933, with 1 / 4 of the American workforce unemployed and plenty of hungry Chicagoans in search of sustenance at Al Capone’s soup kitchen. The Century of Progress marked Chicago’s centennial, the title reflecting the city’s spectacular progress from a frontier settlement to an industrial metropolis.

In its opening-day challenge, the Tribune promised fairgoers “a colossal combination of science and circus.” Attractions ranged from scientific marvels like dishwashers and air conditioners to a pie-eating contest for 400 monkeys and performances from the ladies of Chicago’s red-light district.

War clouds had hung over the U.S. for months, however Japan’s 1941 assault on Pearl Harbor nonetheless took Americans without warning. Chicagoans shortly received behind the conflict effort. Women went to work in protection crops in droves, and Chicago quickly led the nation in conflict manufacturing.

The subsequent year, beneath the stands of the University of Chicago soccer stadium, a bunch of scientists led by Italian physicist Enrico Fermi created a series response that will result in the improvement of the atomic bomb — and produce an finish to the conflict.

There is sort of no documentation about who invented deep dish pizza, and with out it, legend has taken over. The solely paper path signifies the pizza nearly definitely began in 1943 at a nineteenth century mansion constructed with lumber money at 29 E. Ohio St. — the restaurant now generally known as Pizzeria Uno. But the question of who precisely developed the idea stays a thriller.

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