Science

Chinese astronauts return after a record-breaking 90 days in space

In one other landmark second for China’s fledgling space exploration program, three astronauts despatched to work on the nation’s under-development space station safely returned to Earth on Friday, after spending three months in orbit. Their profitable landing rounds out the longest crewed mission in the nation’s historical past, in which the taikonauts carried out vital duties vital to the station’s long-term operations.

The Tiangong space station the place astronauts Nie Haisheng, Liu Boming and Tang Hongbo spent 90 days is the third orbiting laboratory launched and operated by China. Like the International Space Station, Tiangong is modular by design, with the bus-sized core capsule named Tianhe launched again in April, adopted by a cargo spacecraft in May.

The Shenzhou-12 spacecraft carrying Haisheng, Boming and Hongbo then docked with the Tianhe module in June, commencing a key three-month mission that far exceeds the earlier file of 33 days spent in space by the Chinese crew of 2016’s Shenzhou-11 mission. Throughout, the trio had been tasked with duties similar to testing out recycling and waste methods, verifying life help methods, testing a robotic arm, testing of extravehicular spacesuits and finishing two spacewalks.

The first of those, and the primary by Chinese astronauts in 13 years, got here in July and noticed Boming and Hongbo set up new foot restraints and a working platform on the station’s outer, whereas additionally repositioning a panoramic digital camera. The second spacewalk of the mission happened in in August, in which Haisheng and Boming put in pumps and once more tweaked the positioning of the panoramic digital camera.

As reported by state-run information company Xinhua, a return capsule of the Shenzhou-12 spacecraft separated from its orbiting capsule on Friday forward of a profitable touchdown in Mongolia. The astronauts arrived in good well being and had been transported by aircraft to a quarantine facility in Beijing, the place they’re present process medical assessments and can re-acclimatize to gravity and the Earth setting with the assistance of specialised diets, train applications, therapeutic massage and bodily remedy.

Two smaller modules are slated for launch in 2022 that may be part of the Tianhe module in orbit, with the space station anticipated to be full and totally operational by the top of subsequent year. Another cargo spacecraft is scheduled for launch later this year, together with the Shenzhou-13 crewed spaceship that may ship one other trio of astronauts, this time for a six-month keep.

Source: Xinhua

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