Bronx

Rockland Polio Strain Matches Virus Samples In London, Jerusalem

ROCKLAND COUNTY, NY — The polio case in Rockland is genetically linked to virus present in wastewater in Jerusalem and London, in line with the Global Polio Laboratory Network.

“New Yorkers should know that this does not imply that the individual case identified in New York has travel history to Israel or the UK,” state well being officers mentioned, including that they’re persevering with an “aggressive” investigation and evaluation of the case.

The affected person, a younger unvaccinated grownup, was contaminated a couple of month in the past and has been left paralyzed.

Officials confirmed that the polio virus present in June samples of wastewater from Rockland County Sewer District No. 1 — which serves giant parts of Ramapo and Clarkstown and a few parcels of Orangetown — matched samples from Israel and the United Kingdom. They mentioned the case in New York is genetically linked to a kind of oral polio vaccine containing reside virus.

Live-virus vaccines have not been given within the USA since 2000.

State, international, nationwide, and native public well being authorities — together with the Rockland County Department of Health and the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene — are ensuring prevention measures, significantly vaccination clinics, are in place.

“The best way to keep New York polio-free is to maintain high immunity across the population through vaccination,” they mentioned.

Polio spreads largely from individual to individual or by contaminated water. It can infect an individual’s spinal wire, inflicting paralysis and probably everlasting incapacity and demise. It could be very contagious, and an individual can transmit the virus even when they don’t seem to be sick. Symptoms, which will be gentle and flu-like, can take as much as 30 days to look, throughout which era an contaminated particular person will be shedding virus to others.

There is not any remedy or treatment.

However, it’s preventable by vaccination.

Polio was as soon as probably the most feared ailments within the United States, with annual outbreaks inflicting hundreds of circumstances of paralysis. The illness largely impacts kids, although one among its most victims was President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Vaccines turned obtainable beginning in 1955, and a nationwide vaccination marketing campaign lower the annual variety of U.S. circumstances to lower than 100 within the Nineteen Sixties and fewer than 10 within the Seventies, in line with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The polio vaccine is a core element of CDC’s standard child immunization schedule and required by New York state for all school-aged children. According to CDC, inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV), which is the one polio vaccine that has been given within the United States since 2000, protects 99 p.c of youngsters who get all of the really useful doses.

A multi-year international well being marketing campaign, assisted by volunteers and funding from Rotary International, has since ended routine unfold virtually in all places, although polio remains to be endemic in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

However, quite a few nations in Africa, the Middle East and Asia, the place vaccination charges are decrease, have additionally reported circumstances in recent times.

Rarely, vacationers have introduced polio infections into the U.S. The final such case was in 2013, when a 7-month-old who had not too long ago moved to the U.S. from India was identified in San Antonio, Texas, in line with federal well being officers. That little one additionally had the kind of polio discovered within the reside type of vaccine utilized in different nations.

All New Yorkers who’re unvaccinated, together with kids 2 months and older, those that are pregnant, and individuals who haven’t accomplished their polio vaccine collection beforehand, ought to get vaccinated immediately.

Unvaccinated New Yorkers who reside, work, go to highschool in, or go to Rockland County are on the highest danger of publicity, they mentioned. Rockland County at present has a polio vaccination rate of 60.5 p.c amongst 2-year-olds in comparison with the statewide common of 79.1 p.c.

New Yorkers can be taught extra about polio and the polio vaccine at health.ny.gov/polio.

“Polio is a dangerous disease with potentially devastating consequences,” State Health Commissioner Dr. Mary T. Bassett mentioned in a information launch. “In the United States, we are so fortunate to have available the crucial protection offered through polio vaccination, which has safeguarded our country and New Yorkers for over 60 years. Given how quickly polio can spread, now is the time for every adult, parent, and guardian to get themselves and their children vaccinated as soon as possible.”

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