Abortion ruling prompts variety of reactions from states

The U.S. Supreme Court on Friday overturned Roe v. Wade, the 1973 resolution that had offered a constitutional proper to abortion. The ruling is anticipated to result in abortion bans in roughly half the states, though the timing of these legal guidelines taking impact varies.

Some Republican-led states will ban or severely restrict abortion instantly, whereas different restrictions will take impact later. At least one state, Texas, is ready till after the Supreme Court points its formal judgment within the case, which is separate from the opinion issued Friday and will take a few month.

In anticipation of the choice, a number of states led by Democrats have taken steps to guard abortion entry. The resolution additionally units up the potential for authorized fights between the states over whether or not suppliers and people who assist ladies receive abortions could be sued or prosecuted.

Here is an outline of abortion laws and the anticipated affect of the court docket’s resolution in each state.



Political management: Alabama has a Republican-controlled legislature and a Republican governor who wish to ban or limit entry to abortions.

Background: In 2019, Alabama lawmakers authorised what was then probably the most stringent abortion ban within the nation, making it a felony to carry out an abortion at any stage of being pregnant with no exceptions for pregnancies ensuing from rape or incest. The solely exception can be when the lady’s well being was at severe threat. A federal decide issued an injunction, underneath the precedent of Roe v. Wade, blocking the state from imposing the legislation. In 2018, voters agreed to amend the Alabama Constitution to say the state acknowledges the “rights of unborn children” and “does not protect the right to an abortion or require the funding of abortion.” A 1951 legislation made it a criminal offense, punishable by as much as 12 months in jail, to induce an abortion, until it’s carried out to protect the life or well being of the mom.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Abortions grew to become nearly completely unlawful in Alabama on Friday. A 2019 state abortion ban took impact making it a felony to carry out an abortion at any stage of being pregnant, with no exceptions for pregnancies brought on by rape or incest. All three clinics stopped offering abortions Friday morning underneath concern of prosecution underneath the 1951 state legislation. U.S. District Judge Myron Thompson hours later granted Alabama’s request to carry an injunction and permit the state to implement the 2019 abortion ban. Alabama Attorney General Steve Marshall mentioned it’s now a felony to offer an abortion in Alabama past the one exception allowed within the 2019 legislation, which is for the sake of the mom’s well being. Doctors who violate the legislation might withstand 99 years in jail. Marshall mentioned the state would additionally transfer to carry different injunctions that blocked earlier abortion restrictions, together with a requirement for docs who carry out abortions to have hospital admitting privileges.

What’s subsequent: Some Republican lawmakers have mentioned they wish to see the state exchange the 2019 ban with a barely much less stringent invoice that will permit exceptions in circumstances of rape or incest. Proponents mentioned the 2019 ban was intentionally strict within the hopes of sparking a court docket problem to Roe.



Political management: Republicans at present maintain a majority of seats within the state Legislature, however the House is managed by a bipartisan coalition composed largely of Democrats. Fifty-nine of the Legislature’s 60 seats are up for election this year. Gov. Mike Dunleavy, a Republican who believes life begins at conception, is looking for reelection.

Background: The Alaska Supreme Court has interpreted the best to privateness within the state structure as encompassing abortion rights.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: The U.S. Supreme Court’s resolution will not be anticipated to instantly have an effect on abortion rights in Alaska, given the present precedent within the state.

What’s subsequent: Voters within the fall will likely be requested in the event that they wish to maintain a constitutional conference, a question that comes up each 10 years. Many conservatives who wish to overhaul how judges are chosen and get rid of the interpretation that the structure’s proper to privateness clause permits for abortion rights see a possibility in pushing for a conference. Recent efforts to advance a constitutional modification via the Legislature have been unsuccessful.



Political management: Both legislative chambers are managed by Republicans, who often go abortion restrictions that for the previous eight periods have been rapidly signed by Republican Gov. Doug Ducey, an abortion opponent.

Background: Arizona legislation permits abortion via about 22 weeks, however the Legislature handed a 15-week abortion ban in March mirroring the Mississippi legislation that was contested earlier than the U.S. Supreme Court. It will take impact 90 days after the Legislature adjourns, which it did Saturday. Current restrictions embrace bans on abortions as a result of of gender and a 2021 legislation that makes it a felony for a health care provider to terminate a being pregnant as a result of the kid has a survivable genetic abnormality. Arizona additionally has a pre-statehood legislation nonetheless on the books that will ban all abortions, though it has not been enforced since Roe was determined.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Ducey has argued in media interviews that the legislation he signed in late March takes priority over the entire ban that is still on the books. But the legislation he signed particularly says it doesn’t overrule the entire abortion ban in place for greater than 100 years. Ducey is term-limited and leaves office in January. Abortion suppliers throughout the state stopped all procedures after the court docket dominated Friday as a result of of issues that the pre-Roe ban might put docs, nurses and different suppliers in danger of prosecution.

What’s subsequent: Abortion-rights supporters in Arizona have launched a long-shot bid to enshrine the best to abortion within the state structure. Rolled out weeks after the draft U.S. Supreme Court resolution displaying Roe may very well be overturned was leaked, backers should acquire greater than 356,000 signatures by July 7 to get the initiative on the November poll. Voters would then be capable to determine.



Political management: Arkansas’ legislature is managed by Republicans who’ve supported dozens of abortion bans and restrictions lately. Republican Gov. Asa Hutchinson additionally has supported bans on abortion with some exceptions. He’s term-limited and leaves office in January. Republican nominee Sarah Sanders, press secretary to former President Donald Trump, is extensively favored within the November election to succeed him.

Background: Arkansas already had a legislation banning most abortions 20 weeks into a girl’s being pregnant, with exceptions for rape, incest and the life of the mom. The state has a number of different bans which were struck down or blocked by courts lately, together with an outright abortion ban enacted final year that doesn’t embrace rape or incest exceptions. That ban has been blocked by a federal decide, and the state has appealed.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Arkansas has a legislation it enacted in 2019 that bans almost all abortions now that Roe is overturned. That ban, together with the outright ban that’s been blocked by a federal decide, solely permits exceptions to guard the life of the mom in a medical emergency. Hutchinson has mentioned he thinks bans ought to embrace rape and incest exceptions, however he has not referred to as on the Legislature so as to add these to both of the bans.

What’s subsequent: Hours after Friday’s ruling, Attorney General Leslie Rutledge signed certification that Roe had been overturned. That certification permits the state’s “trigger ban” to take impact instantly. The solely exception in that ban is to guard the life of the mom in a medical emergency. The Legislature isn’t scheduled to satisfy till January, however Hutchinson is contemplating calling a particular session to take up tax reduction proposals. The Republican governor mentioned Friday he doesn’t plan on asking lawmakers to think about including rape and incest exceptions to the state’s ban.



Political management: Democrats who help entry to abortion management all statewide elected places of work and have giant majorities within the state Legislature.

Background: California outlawed abortion in 1850, besides when the life of the mom was in peril. The legislation modified in 1967 to incorporate abortions within the case of rape, incest or if a girl’s psychological well being had been in peril. In 1969, the California Supreme Court declared the state’s unique abortion legislation to be unconstitutional however left the 1967 legislation in place. In 1972, California voters added a “right to privacy” to the state structure. Since then, the state Supreme Court has interpreted that “right to privacy” for granted to entry abortion, permit minors to get an abortion with out their mother and father’ permission and use public funding for abortions within the state’s Medicaid program. California now requires non-public medical insurance plans to cover abortions and doesn’t permit them to cost issues akin to co-pays or deductibles for the process.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Abortion will stay authorized in California previous to the viability of a fetus. Democratic Gov. Gavin Newsom has vowed to make California a sanctuary for girls who reside in different states the place abortion is outlawed or severely restricted. The quantity of ladies who journey to the state for abortions is anticipated to rise considerably.

What’s subsequent: The state Legislature is contemplating 13 payments that will strengthen or broaden entry to abortion. The payments are primarily based on a report from the Future of Abortion Council, which Newsom fashioned final year to review reproductive rights in California. They embrace proposals that will assist pay for girls from different states to come back to California for abortions, ban enforcement of out-of-state civil judgments on California abortion suppliers and volunteers, and enhance the quantity of individuals who can provide abortions by authorizing some nurse practitioners to carry out the process with out the supervision of a health care provider. Lawmakers additionally plan to place a constitutional modification on the poll in November that will explicitly assure the best to an abortion and contraceptives.



Political management: The Democrats who management the Colorado Legislature help entry to abortion, as does the state’s Democratic governor.

Background: A 1967 state legislation legalized abortion as much as 16 weeks of being pregnant. Abortion has been accessible ever since, regardless of repeated legislative makes an attempt and poll initiatives to limit or abolish the process. Colorado voters have constantly rejected such initiatives, the newest in 2020 that will have banned abortion through the third trimester of being pregnant. In 2022, Colorado Gov. Jared Polis signed a legislation inserting the best to abortion in state statute. The legislation ensures entry to reproductive care earlier than and after being pregnant and bans native governments from imposing their very own restrictions. It additionally declares that fertilized eggs, embryos and fetuses haven’t any unbiased rights. Abortion rights advocates plan a 2024 poll initiative so as to add abortion rights to the state structure and repeal a Eighties constitutional modification that bans public funding for abortion.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: The resolution received’t have any quick affect on Colorado legislation — however suppliers are getting ready for a surge of out-of-state sufferers. Democratic House Majority Leader Daneya Esgar says lawmakers should think about spend money on a well being care workforce to make sure Colorado has the capability to satisfy that anticipated demand. Colorado’s well being division experiences there have been 11,580 abortions within the state in 2021; of these 14% had been for non-residents. More than 900 of these non-residents had been from Texas, Wyoming and Nebraska.

What’s subsequent: It’s not possible to foretell what number of extra sufferers from states surrounding Colorado will doubtlessly search care now that Roe v. Wade has been overturned. But the Texas legislation might induce extra individuals to come back. Oklahoma now has an early being pregnant abortion ban; Utah and Wyoming have set off legal guidelines banning abortion now Roe is overturned; the Kansas Constitution protects abortion rights, however Republican lawmakers positioned on an August major poll an initiative to overturn it.



Political management: Democrats who management the Connecticut General Assembly help entry to abortion, as does the state’s Democratic governor.

Background: Connecticut handed a legislation in 1990 giving ladies the authorized proper to abortion. Having handed with robust bipartisan help, it was lauded on the time for being a uncommon compromise between abortion rights advocates and opponents. It affirmed a girl’s unqualified proper to an abortion “prior to viability of the fetus,” in addition to later-term abortions “necessary to preserve the life and health of the pregnant woman.” It additionally repealed state legal guidelines predating Roe v. Wade that had made it a felony to have an abortion or to carry out one and required that sufferers underneath 16 obtain counseling about their choices. This year, Gov. Ned Lamont signed laws to guard medical suppliers and sufferers from out-of-state authorized actions. The similar legislation permits superior observe registered nurses, nurse-midwives or doctor assistants to carry out aspiration abortions within the first 12 weeks of a being pregnant.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Connecticut Attorney General William Tong, a Democrat, has vowed to problem any try and nullify Connecticut’s abortion rights legislation. “Let’s not mince words. They will come for us,” Tong warned abortion rights supporters throughout a current information convention. “We will fight that effort tooth-and-nail. Any court, any place, Connecticut will be there and will fight.” The state is already concerned in main abortion circumstances throughout the nation. And whereas Connecticut is surrounded by largely pro-abortion states, it’s nonetheless bracing for out-of-state sufferers looking for abortions now that Roe has been overturned.

What’s subsequent: Connecticut’s new legislation defending abortion suppliers from different states’ bans takes impact on July 1. It creates a authorized trigger of motion for suppliers and others sued in one other state, enabling them to recuperate sure authorized prices. It additionally limits the governor’s discretion to extradite somebody accused of performing an abortion, in addition to participation by Connecticut courts and businesses in these lawsuits. There’s dialogue of probably amending the state’s structure to enshrine the best to abortion, making it tougher to overturn, however that will be a multi-year course of.



Political management: Democrats management the governor’s office and each chambers of the legislature in Delaware and have taken a number of steps to make sure entry to abortion.

Background: In 2017, Delaware grew to become the primary state following the election of President Donald Trump to codify the best to an abortion. A invoice signed by Gov. John Carney, a Catholic, ensures the unfettered proper to an abortion earlier than a fetus is deemed “viable.” The legislation defines viability as the purpose in a being pregnant when, in a doctor’s “good faith medical judgment,” there’s a affordable probability that the fetus can survive exterior the uterus with out the application of extraordinary medical measures. The legislation additionally permits abortion after fetal viability if, in a health care provider’s “good faith medical judgment,” abortion is important for the safety of the lady’s life or well being, or if there’s a affordable probability that the fetus can’t survive with out extraordinary medical measures. The legislation eradicated present code restrictions on abortions, a lot of which had already been declared unenforceable by Delaware’s lawyer normal in 1973 following the Supreme Court rulings in Roe v. Wade and Doe v. Bolton. In April of this year, Carney signed a invoice permitting doctor assistants and superior observe registered nurses to prescribe abortion-inducing medicines together with mifepristone and misoprostol.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: “In Delaware, the privacy protections of Roe v. Wade are codified in state law, guaranteeing residents have access to legal abortion services even if Roe were to be undone at the federal level,” Democratic lawmakers famous earlier this month in unveiling laws additional broadening entry to abortions. The invoice, which is prone to go earlier than the tip of June, permits doctor assistants, licensed nurse practitioners and nurse midwifes to carry out abortions earlier than viability. It additionally consists of numerous authorized protections for abortion suppliers and sufferers, together with out-of-state residents receiving abortions in Delaware. Those provisions embrace protections from civil actions in different states referring to the termination of a being pregnant, and defending people from extradition to different states for prison fees associated to terminating a being pregnant.

What’s subsequent: According to state well being officers, 2,042 abortions had been carried out in Delaware in 2019, with 1,765 involving Delaware residents and 277 involving nonresidents. Delaware will not be prone to see an enormous inflow of ladies touring from out of state to get abortions if Roe v. Wade is overturned, on condition that neighboring Maryland and New Jersey even have liberal abortion-access legal guidelines. In neighboring Pennsylvania, the place Republicans management each chambers of the Legislature, future abortion entry might hinge on the end result of this year’s gubernatorial contest.



Political management: The native authorities within the nation’s capital is totally managed by Democrats, with a Democratic mayor and the D.C. Council break up between Democrats and nominal unbiased politicians, who’re all, invariably, Democrats.

Background: Abortion is authorized within the District of Columbia in any respect levels of being pregnant, a standing that was upheld within the 1971 Supreme Court case United States v. Vuitch. However, the U.S. Congress has oversight energy over D.C. legal guidelines and Congress has already banned the town from utilizing native funds to pay for abortions for girls on Medicaid.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Elected officers in Washington, D.C., concern Congress might transfer to limit abortion entry, significantly if Republicans recapture the House of Representatives in midterm elections later this year. President Joe Biden might theoretically veto such a transfer, however that safety is topic to political calculations and isn’t assured.

What’s subsequent: Local officers have pledged defiance in opposition to any type of Congressional transfer to limit native abortion entry. The D.C. Council is contemplating laws that will declare Washington, D.C., a “sanctuary city” for these coming from states the place abortion is banned. According to federal knowledge, most of the ladies getting abortions in Washington already are coming from out of state. Those numbers might enhance, significantly if new Republican Gov. Glenn Youngkin strikes to limit abortion entry in neighboring Virginia.



Political management: Republicans management each chambers of the Florida Legislature and this year handed a ban on abortions after 15 weeks, which was signed into legislation by the state’s Republican governor.

Background: Abortion was authorized in Florida till the twenty fourth week of being pregnant, although lawmakers have been tightening entry lately with payments requiring a one-day ready interval and requiring mother and father of a pregnant minor to be notified earlier than an abortion could be offered. This year, in anticipation of the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that overturned Roe v. Wade, the Legislature handed a ban on abortions after the fifteenth week, besides to save lots of the mom’s life, forestall severe harm or if the fetus has a deadly abnormality. It doesn’t permit for exemptions in circumstances the place pregnancies had been brought on by rape or incest. Gov. Ron DeSantis referred to as the laws “the most significant protections for life that have been enacted in this state in a generation.”

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: The resolution locations Florida’s 15-week ban on agency authorized floor, not less than underneath federal legislation. However, the laws is already being challenged in state court docket on arguments that it violates a assure of the best to privateness underneath the state structure.

What’s subsequent: Florida’s 15-week ban goes into impact on July 1, however challenges to that laws are pending. Though solely about 2% of Florida’s abortions happen after fifteenth week, abortion rights advocates have expressed concern over declining entry to the process not just for Floridians however for residents from close by Southern states the place restrictions have traditionally been stricter than in Florida.



Political management: Georgia has a Republican legislature and governor who help abortion restrictions, however all are up for election this November. Republicans are prone to retain legislative management, however there’s a chance a Democrat might turn into governor.

Background: Georgia lawmakers in 2019 handed a legislation by one vote that will ban most abortions after about six weeks of being pregnant, when fetal cardiac exercise could be detected. The measure is in contrast to different so-called “heartbeat” payments in that it additionally incorporates language designating a fetus as an individual for sure state-law functions akin to revenue tax deductions and youngster help. A federal decide rapidly put the legislation on maintain, saying it was unconstitutional, and the state appealed to the eleventh U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. The eleventh Circuit mentioned it will wait to rule on the enchantment pending a ruling by the U.S. Supreme Court within the Mississippi case.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: The day the Supreme Court overturned Roe v. Wade, Georgia’s lawyer normal requested the eleventh Circuit to reverse the decrease court docket’s ruling and permit the state’s abortion legislation to take impact. That similar day, the eleventh Circuit directed the events to file briefs inside three weeks addressing what impact, if any, the Supreme Court resolution has on the Georgia enchantment. If the legislation takes impact, it will ban the big majority of abortions that at present happen in Georgia – about 87%, in response to suppliers. The change might occur within the center of tightly contested races in Georgia for governor and U.S. Senate. Democratic U.S. Sen. Raphael Warnock and challenger for governor Stacey Abrams say they wish to safe abortion rights. Republican Senate challenger Herschel Walker and incumbent Republican Gov. Brian Kemp help restrictions.

What’s subsequent: Some Republican lawmakers and candidates need Georgia to go additional and ban abortion completely, however Kemp is unlikely to name a particular session earlier than this November’s normal election. Lawmakers are prone to think about additional motion after they return for his or her annual session in January. The Legislature or courts must type out whether or not the provisions designating a fetus as an individual are workable.



Political management: Hawaii’s governor is a Democrat and Democrats management greater than 90% of the seats within the state House and Senate.

Background: Hawaii legalized abortion in 1970, when it grew to become the primary state within the nation to permit the process at a girl’s request. The state permits abortion till a fetus can be viable exterior the womb. After that, it’s authorized if a affected person’s life or well being is in peril. For a few years, solely licensed physicians might carry out the process. Last year, the state enacted a legislation permitting superior observe care nurses to hold out in-clinic abortions through the first trimester. This helps ladies on extra rural islands who’ve been flying to Honolulu to acquire abortions as a result of of physician shortages of their communities. The legislation permits the nurses to prescribe treatment to finish a being pregnant and to carry out aspiration abortion, a kind of minor surgical procedure throughout which a vacuum is used to empty a girl’s uterus.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Existing Hawaii legislation permits abortions, however Gary Yamashiroya, a spokesperson for the state lawyer normal’s office, has mentioned the lawyer normal was fastidiously contemplating measures Hawaii may take to guard and strengthen reproductive rights if Roe ended. “No matter the outcome, our state remains committed to reproductive freedom and choice,” he mentioned.

What’s subsequent: Political help for abortion rights is powerful. Anti-abortion payments are not often heard on the state Legislature. When they’ve been, they haven’t made it out of committee. Gov. David Ige issued a press release supporting abortion rights when the Supreme Court’s draft opinion overturning Roe leaked. ”No matter what the Supreme Court decides, I’ll combat to make sure a girl’s proper to decide on within the State of Hawaii,” he mentioned. The Hawaii State Commission on the Status of Women earlier this month mentioned 72% of the state Senate and 53% of state House members signed a pledge supporting abortion rights.



Political management: Republicans maintain super-majorities within the House and Senate and oppose entry to abortion, as does the state’s Republican governor.

Background: Following the U.S. Supreme Court’s 1973 Roe v. Wade ruling, Idaho handed a legislation usually permitting abortions within the first and second trimester as much as viability at about 23 to 24 weeks. The legislation permits abortions after viability solely to guard the mom’s life or in circumstances of nonviable fetuses. This year, lawmakers handed a Texas-style ban prohibiting abortions after about six weeks of being pregnant and authorizing members of the family to sue medical suppliers for performing an abortion. That legislation is on maintain following a problem by Planned Parenthood. The Idaho Supreme Court is scheduled to listen to arguments in August.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: It triggers a 2020 Idaho legislation banning all abortions besides in circumstances of reported rape or incest, or to guard the mom’s life, to take impact in 30 days. Under the legislation, the particular person performing the abortion might face a felony prosecution punishable by as much as 5 years in jail. In circumstances of rape or incest, the legislation requires pregnant ladies to file a police report and supply a replica of the report back to the supplier previous to an abortion. If the Idaho Supreme Court upholds the state’s Texas-style abortion ban and Roe v. Wade is tossed apart, a medical supplier who performs an abortion in Idaho might face a lawsuit and prison fees.

What’s Next: Pregnant ladies looking for abortions must journey out of state; the closest abortion suppliers can be in Washington, Oregon, Nevada and Colorado. Planned Parenthood is renting space within the city of Ontario on the Idaho-Oregon border and says it’s getting ready for an inflow of sufferers looking for abortions. Some Republican lawmakers in Idaho may suggest new laws in January to outlaw abortion capsules and emergency contraception.



Political management: Illinois is overwhelmingly Democratic with legal guidelines offering larger entry to abortion than most states. Democrats maintain veto-proof supermajorities within the House and Senate, and the Democratic first-term governor looking for reelection this year, J.B. Pritzker, has promoted peaceable road protests to guard the constitutional proper to an abortion.

Background: Abortion is authorized in Illinois and might solely be restricted after the purpose of viability, when a fetus is taken into account capable of survive exterior the womb. Medical science determines viability at 24 to 26 weeks, however the Illinois legislation doesn’t specify a timeframe, saying a medical skilled can decide viability in every case. Abortions are additionally allowed after viability to guard the affected person’s life or well being.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: It will not change entry to abortion in Illinois. After the Roe v. Wade resolution in 1973, the Illinois Abortion Act of 1975 legalized abortion however enacted a “trigger law” that will reinstate the ban if Roe had been overturned. That set off legislation was repealed in 2017 in laws that additionally required Medicaid and state workers’ group medical insurance to cover abortions. The 2019 Reproductive Health Act changed the 1975 legislation, giant components of which had been by no means enforced as a result of they had been discovered to be unconstitutional.

What’s subsequent: Like different states offering entry to abortions, Illinois has seen a gentle inflow of sufferers crossing the state line for abortions in current months and people numbers are anticipated to extend. Planned Parenthood of Illinois says it expects to deal with a further 20,000 to 30,000 sufferers in Illinois within the first year following the reversal of Roe.



Political management: Indiana has a Republican-dominated Legislature and a Republican governor in favor of limiting abortion entry.

Background: Abortion in Indiana is authorized as much as about 20 weeks, with some provisions for medical emergencies. Before an abortion, sufferers should endure an 18-hour ready interval. Medical suppliers should inform sufferers in regards to the dangers concerned in abortion and should say the fetus can really feel ache round 20 weeks, which is disputed. Providers should report issues associated to abortion; failure to report can lead to a misdemeanor, 180 days in jail and a $1,000 effective. Federal courts have blocked a number of restrictions in Indiana, together with an try and ban a typical second-trimester abortion process and a legislation that will have required docs to inform pregnant ladies a few disputed remedy to doubtlessly cease a drug-induced abortion.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: No quick modifications are anticipated, however legislators unwilling to attend till the 2023 session might ask Indiana Gov. Eric Holcomb to name a particular session this summer time to begin modifying the state’s abortion legal guidelines.

What’s subsequent: Republican legislative leaders mentioned Friday they anticipated lawmakers to behave on tightening Indiana’s abortion legal guidelines throughout a particular legislative session beginning July 6, however gave no particulars about what restrictions can be thought-about. Republican Gov. Eric Holcomb earlier this week referred to as the Legislature right into a particular session to take up a tax refund proposal, however state legislation permits legislators to think about any topic.



Political management: Iowa’s legislature is managed by Republicans who wish to ban or limit abortion entry and a Republican governor who agrees and is up for reelection this year.

Background: Iowa permits most abortions till the twentieth week of being pregnant, after they’re banned besides to save lots of a affected person’s life or forestall a considerable and irreversible bodily impairment of a serious bodily operate. In 2018, the state Supreme Court declared entry to abortion a “fundamental” proper underneath the state structure, granting stronger protections to abortion rights than the U.S. Constitution. The state’s excessive court docket, now with a conservative majority, overturned that call June 17, thus permitting a state legislation requiring a 24-hour ready interval to enter impact instantly. That requirement is being challenged in district court docket.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Nothing is anticipated to vary instantly in Iowa. The GOP-controlled Legislature has been working to get an modification on the poll in 2024 that will declare the state structure doesn’t grant a proper to abortion however, with Roe overturned, Iowa lawmakers can ban abortion with out finishing that prolonged course of.

What’s subsequent: Now that the Iowa Supreme Court has struck down its 2018 ruling, the state Legislature can convene a particular session this summer time and go abortion restrictions. Republicans might nonetheless transfer to get the constitutional modification on a public poll in 2024.



Political management: Kansas has a legislature managed by Republicans who wish to ban or limit entry to abortions however a Democratic governor who helps entry and is up for re-election this year.

Background: Under present legislation, Kansas doesn’t ban most abortions till the twenty second week of being pregnant, after they’re allowed solely to save lots of a affected person’s life or to stop “a substantial and irreversible physical impairment of a major bodily function.” The state Supreme Court in 2019 declared that entry to abortion is a “fundamental” proper underneath the state structure, granting stronger protections to abortion rights than the U.S. Constitution does at present. State legislation, nevertheless, doesn’t permit suppliers to dispense abortion medicines via telemedicine consultations.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Nothing will change instantly in Kansas. The state Supreme Court blocked enforcement of a 2015 legislative ban on a typical second-trimester process, and abortion opponents concern a bunch of different guidelines might fall to authorized challenges within the close to future. The GOP-controlled Legislature responded by placing a constitutional modification on the poll through the Aug. 2 major, when turnout is anticipated to be a lot decrease than in a normal election and can possible see a better proportion of Republicans voting. The modification would declare that the state structure doesn’t grant a proper to abortion. It would permit lawmakers to limit abortion as a lot because the federal courts will permit .

What’s subsequent: If voters approve the modification, the Legislature would nonetheless should approve the brand new restrictions, and lawmakers are out of session till January 2023. They can name themselves in to particular session with two-thirds majorities, however they’re prone to wait till after voters determine within the November normal election whether or not to offer Democratic Gov. Laura Kelly a second time period.



Political management: Republicans have a supermajority within the Kentucky Legislature and have been limiting abortion rights for the reason that 2016 election over the vetoes of Democratic Gov. Andy Beshear, who helps abortion rights and can search a second time period in 2023.

Background: Kentucky bans abortions after 20 weeks, however all abortion companies had been quickly halted in April after the legislature imposed new restrictions and reporting necessities on the state’s two abortion clinics. The clinics, each in Louisville, mentioned they suspended abortions as a result of state officers hadn’t written pointers on adjust to the brand new legislation. Noncompliance might lead to stiff fines, felony penalties and revocation of doctor and facility licenses. Abortions resumed after a federal decide quickly blocked key components of the legislation, together with a provision banning abortions after 15 weeks of being pregnant.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Abortion companies in Kentucky instantly grew to become unlawful underneath a “trigger law” enacted in 2019. The measure incorporates a slender exception permitting abortion to stop the demise or everlasting harm of a pregnant girl. Kentuckians will be capable to vote this November on a proposed modification declaring there is no such thing as a proper to an abortion within the state structure.

What’s subsequent: Abortion-rights activists say the suspension of abortion companies in April foreshadowed what would occur in Kentucky and different Republican-leaning states if Roe v. Wade was overturned. It possible ends a number of authorized challenges pending in opposition to different Kentucky abortion legal guidelines together with a 2018 measure that abortion-rights supporters say would successfully ban a normal abortion technique within the second trimester of being pregnant. The U.S. Supreme Court dominated in March that Kentucky’s Republican lawyer normal, Daniel Cameron, can defend the measure that was struck down by decrease courts.



Political management: Louisiana’s legislature is managed by Republicans who wish to ban or limit abortion entry. Its Democratic and Catholic governor additionally opposes abortions, although he helps exceptions for victims of rape or incest.

Background: Voters authorised a constitutional modification in 2020 stating that “a right to abortion and the funding of abortion shall not be found in the Louisiana Constitution.” Of the about 2 million individuals who voted, 62% authorised the modification. Abortion had been authorized in Louisiana via the nineteenth week of being pregnant. After that, it was authorized provided that the fetus would die anyway or if persevering with the being pregnant would threaten the mom’s life or well being.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Louisiana has a set off legislation that instantly outlaws abortions. There isn’t any exception for rape or incest. The solely exception is that if there may be substantial threat of demise or impairment to the lady. Earlier this week, Gov. John Bel Edwards, a Democrat, signed a invoice updating numerous features of the legislation and subjecting abortion suppliers to as much as 10 years in jail and fines as much as $100,000. Edwards’ office mentioned the invoice permits the use of emergency contraception “for victims of rape and incest prior to when a pregnancy can be clinically diagnosed.”

Edwards signed another bill that would require the doctor to certify that a drug used for abortion was being prescribed for another medical reason. The bill makes it illegal to deliver abortion medication to a state resident “by mail-order, courier, or as a result of a sale made via the internet.”

What’s next: Louisiana’s three abortion clinics — in New Orleans, Baton Rouge and Shreveport — were no longer providing abortions to patients as of Friday and instead are recommending pregnant patients seeking the procedure to go to states where it remains legal.



Political control: Both chambers of the Maine Legislature, which has adjourned, are controlled by Democrats. Democratic Gov. Janet Mills has vowed to protect the right to an abortion, saying she will “fight with everything I have to protect reproductive rights.”

Background: A Republican governor in 1993 signed a Maine law affirming the right to abortion before a fetus is viable. After that, abortion is only allowed if the life or health of the mother is at risk, or if the pregnancy is no longer viable. In 2019, lawmakers eliminated a physician-only rule and Mills signed it into law, allowing nurse practitioners, physician assistants and other medical professionals to perform abortions.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Nothing will change in Maine. Any attempt to restrict abortions when lawmakers reconvene next year would face fierce pushback. Abortion providers, meanwhile, said there could be an influx of patients seeking abortions from states that outlaw the procedure.

What’s next: Any major changes are unlikely unless former Gov. Paul LePage, a Republican, unseats Mills and Republicans take control of both chambers of the Legislature in November. LePage, a Catholic who opposes abortion rights, has said it’s up to lawmakers to address the abortion issue as they see fit.



Political control: Maryland’s legislature is controlled by Democrats who expanded abortion access this year by ending a restriction that only physicians can provide them and requiring most insurance plans to cover abortion care without cost. The legislature overrode Republican Gov. Larry Hogan’s veto of the bill in April.

Background: The right to abortion is protected in Maryland law. The state approved legislation in 1991 to protect abortion rights if the Supreme Court should ever restrict access. Voters approved the right in 1992 with 62% of the vote. Maryland law prohibits restrictions on abortion prior to viability. Maryland does not have a gestational limit. After viability, clinicians make the determination, based on clinical standard of care.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Nothing will change immediately in Maryland law.

What’s next: Maryland’s new law that will enable nurse practitioners, nurse midwives and physician assistants to provide abortions with training is set to take effect July 1. However, $3.5 million in state funding to provide training isn’t mandated until fiscal year 2024. Hogan, who is term limited, has indicated he will not approve the money sooner. Some nurse practitioners, nurse midwives and physician assistants already have received training on medication abortion and will be able to provide those services starting next month.



Political control: The Democrats who control the Massachusetts Legislature support access to abortion, as does the state’s Republican governor, although they differ on specific policies.

Background: Massachusetts once had a contentious relationship with abortion in part due to the powerful influence of the Catholic Church, which opposes abortion. In recent years, that influence has waned and Massachusetts has become a strong supporter of abortion rights. In 2018, in anticipation of the conservative tilt on the U.S. Supreme Court, the state removed an 1845 abortion ban from its books that was not enforced. Two years later, Democratic state lawmakers clashed with Republican Gov. Charlie Baker — who says he supports abortion rights — over an effort to codify abortion rights into state law, allow abortions after 24 weeks of pregnancy in cases where the child would not survive after birth, and lower from 18 to 16 the age at which women could seek an abortion without consent from a parent or guardian. Lawmakers passed the bill — dubbed the Roe Act — over Baker’s veto.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Baker has vowed to fight to keep abortion legal in Massachusetts, but it is his last year in office. Both Democratic candidates for governor — state Sen. Sonia Chang-Diaz and Attorney General Maura Healey — support abortion rights. Republican candidate Geoff Diehl said he believes in “the need to protect human life wherever and whenever possible.” Fellow GOP candidate Chris Doughty said he would “not seek any changes to our state’s abortion laws.”

What’s next: There is little chance Massachusetts will restrict abortion rights. Baker signed an executive order Friday barring state agencies from assisting another state’s investigation into people or businesses for receiving or delivering reproductive health services that are legal in Massachusetts. The state also won’t cooperate with extradition requests from states pursuing criminal charges against such individuals. As of 2017, there were 47 facilities providing abortion in Massachusetts, according to the Guttmacher Institute, which supports abortion rights. With Roe v. Wade overturned, it’s unclear how many people will travel there from states that ban or restrict abortion.



Political control: Both chambers of Michigan’s legislature are controlled by Republicans who want to ban or restrict abortion access, but the state’s Democratic governor supports access.

Background: A dormant 1931 law bans nearly all abortions in Michigan but it hasn’t been enforced since Roe v. Wade. The law made it a felony to use an instrument or administer any substance with the intent to abort a fetus unless necessary to preserve the woman’s life. It has no exceptions in cases of rape and incest. Anticipating that Roe could be overturned, Planned Parenthood of Michigan filed a lawsuit challenging Michigan’s ban. A state judge suspended the law in May, saying it violates the state’s constitution. Gov. Gretchen Whitmer and Attorney General Dana Nessel, both Democrats, hailed the decision.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: The injunction granted in the Planned Parenthood case ensures that abortion does not immediately become illegal. Planned Parenthood of Michigan and other supporters hope the injunction indicates abortion rights in the state will be preserved. But in a statement to The Associated Press, Nessel’s office said “given the ongoing lawsuits, we cannot speculate what the state of abortion rights will be in Michigan” after Roe.

What’s next: Whitmer also filed suit asking the state’s Supreme Court to declare the 91-year-old law unconstitutional. It has not acted yet. Michigan abortion rights supporters hope to put the issue on ballots this fall. Their proposed constitutional amendment would affirm the right to make pregnancy-related decisions without interference, including about abortion and other reproductive services such as birth control. The Reproductive Freedom for All committee needs to collect about 425,000 valid voter signatures by July 11 to make the November ballot. The measure would become law if voters approved it. The issue also is expected to shape statewide elections — Whitmer and Nessel are both up for reelection in the fall — and legislative races.



Political control: The Minnesota Legislature is divided; Anti-abortion Republicans control the Senate and Democrats have the House, but the majorities are slim in both chambers, so control will be up for grabs in the November elections. Most legislative Democrats support abortion rights. Democratic Gov. Tim Walz has said “no abortion ban will ever become law” while he’s governor. But he faces a challenge this year from Republican Scott Jensen, who opposes abortion rights.

Background: Abortion is legal in Minnesota up to the point of fetal viability, around the 24th week of pregnancy. The state has some restrictions, including a 24-hour waiting period with state-mandated counseling, both parents generally must be notified prior to a minor getting an abortion, and only physicians can perform abortions.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Nothing will change immediately in Minnesota because the state Supreme Court ruled in 1995 that the state constitution protects abortion rights. If Republicans take control of both chambers, they could put a constitutional amendment on the ballot as soon as 2024 to reverse that ruling, but it’s not clear yet if they would take that path. Minnesota governors can’t block constitutional amendments with vetoes. But amendments are hard to enact because they require the backing of most of the citizens voting in that election, not just those voting on the amendment. Leaving the ballot blank counts as a “no.”

What’s next: Providers are preparing for a surge in women coming from other states to get abortions. Sarah Stoesz, president and CEO of Planned Parenthood North Central States, said before the ruling that her organization was “fortifying” its delivery systems, including telemedicine. Dr. Sarah Traxler, the group’s medical director, has said demand in Minnesota is expected to rise by up to 25%.



Political control: Republican Gov. Tate Reeves and leaders of the Republican-controlled Mississippi Legislature have been working for years to chip away at abortion access.

Background: Mississippi already had a law banning most abortions at 20 weeks, although the state’s lone abortion clinic offered the procedure only through 16 weeks. The state tried to enact a law in 2018 to ban most abortions after 15 weeks. That law is the basis for the case that the Supreme Court has now used to overturn Roe v. Wade. A federal district judge blocked Mississippi’s 15-week law from taking effect in 2018, and an appeals court agreed. The Supreme Court agreed to take the case in 2021. Justices heard arguments in December, with the Mississippi attorney general’s office saying the court should overturn Roe v. Wade. Mississippi has one abortion clinic, and it stops offering abortions at 16 weeks. Reeves was lieutenant governor in 2018, when Mississippi tried to enact the 15-week ban, and in 2019, when the state tried to enact a six-week ban. Mississippi law does not allow providers to dispense abortion medications through telemedicine consultations.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Mississippi’s only abortion clinic, Jackson Women’s Health Organization, is expected to close by early July unless a judge blocks a trigger law. The clinic filed a lawsuit Monday challenging the 2007 law that bans most abortions if Roe v. Wade is overturned. That law is set to take effect July 7. Abortions still would be allowed if the woman’s life is endangered by the pregnancy or if the pregnancy was caused by a rape that was reported to law enforcement. Any person who knowingly performs or attempts to induce an abortion, except the pregnant woman, could be punished by up to 10 years in prison.

What’s next: Mississippi’s 2007 law says the state attorney general must publish a notice in a state administrative bulletin after the U.S. Supreme Court overturns Roe v. Wade. Mississippi’s ban on most abortions will take effect 10 days after that publication.



Political control: Both GOP Gov. Mike Parson and the Republican-led Legislature support laws against abortion.

Background: Missouri law previously allowed abortions up until 22 weeks of pregnancy. But a 2019 state law banned abortions “except in cases of medical emergency,” contingent upon the U.S. Supreme Court overturning its 1973 Roe v. Wade decision. Under that Missouri law, performing an illegal abortion is a felony punishable by 5 to 15 years in prison, though women receiving abortions cannot be prosecuted.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: The 2019 law contained a provision making it effective upon notification by the attorney general, governor or Legislature that the U.S. Supreme Court had overruled Roe v. Wade. Moments after Friday’s Supreme Court decision, Attorney General Eric Schmitt and Gov. Mike Parson filed the necessary paperwork for Missouri’s law to kick in. State statutes were subsequently updated online Friday saying the abortion-ban law had taken effect.

What’s next: Some Missouri residents wanting abortions are likely to travel to neighboring states, including Illinois and Kansas. A new Illinois logistics center near St. Louis helps women from out of state find travel, lodging and childcare if they need help getting to the area for an abortion, and it connects them with funding sources. The Kansas Supreme Court in 2019 declared that access to abortion is a “fundamental” right under the state constitution. Even without the ban in Missouri, the number of Missouri patients seeking abortions in Kansas has gone up in recent years, increasing about 8% from 2020 to 2021.



Political control: The Republicans who control the Montana Legislature and Republican Gov. Greg Gianforte want to limit access to abortion.

Background: Abortion used to be legal in Montana up until viability, or about 24 weeks of pregnancy, but the state Legislature passed a bill in 2021 to reduce that to 20 weeks, arguing that is when the fetus can feel pain. That law, along with one that requires chemical abortions to be done with in-person medical supervision, are being challenged in court. A state judge temporarily blocked enforcement in October 2021 while the challenges move through the courts. The state has asked the Montana Supreme Court to vacate that injunction and overturn a 1999 Montana Supreme Court opinion that found the state’s constitutional right to privacy guarantees a woman’s access to abortion care.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: The effect is unclear because of the unresolved legal challenges to the 2021 state legislation. Montana does not have an abortion ban that was triggered when Roe v. Wade was overturned, but the Legislature could seek to further restrict access in the next session.

What’s next: The Montana Supreme Court will issue a decision on the preliminary injunction. The Montana Legislature also passed a referendum to ask voters this November whether they support a state law to require abortion providers to give lifesaving treatment to a fetus that is born alive after a botched abortion. Opponents argue federal law already offers those protections.



Political control: Nebraska has an officially nonpartisan legislature with a Republican majority, but not a super-majority that would let the party unilaterally pass an abortion ban. Democrats appear to have enough votes to block such a bill, but just one defector could swing the vote. Nebraska’s Republican governor vehemently opposes abortion.

Background: Nebraska allows most abortions until the 22nd week of pregnancy, although a few small towns have voted to outlaw the procedure within their borders. The state requires doctors to be physically present when patients take the first of two drugs that are used in medication abortions. Lawmakers have rejected attempts to allow abortion medications to be administered remotely, which would provide easier abortion access in rural areas.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: A ruling that lets states set their own abortion laws will trigger an immediate push by Nebraska conservatives to ban the procedure, but it’s not clear whether they could do it this year. Unlike other conservative states, Nebraska doesn’t have a trigger law that automatically outlaws abortion. Gov. Pete Ricketts and other top Republicans have said they’ll seek a special legislative session, but it’s not clear whether they have enough votes to pass anything.

What’s next: If Ricketts calls a special session, attention will likely shift to state Sen. Justin Wayne, an Omaha Democrat who has declined to specify where he stands on abortion. Wayne was notably absent from a vote on the issue this year; his support would give Republicans the super-majority they need to enact a ban. He has struck deals with senators from both parties in the past. If a proposed abortion ban fails during a special session or if no special session is called, the issue will likely become a factor in the November election.



Political control: Nevada’s governor and state attorney general are Democrats who are up for reelection this year. Democrats control the state Senate and Assembly.

Background: Nevada voters enshrined the right to abortion in the state constitution in 1990. The law says a pregnancy can be terminated during the first 24 weeks, and after that to preserve the life or health of the pregnant person. It would take another statewide vote to change or repeal the law. Most Republican candidates for Congress, governor, state attorney general and other statewide posts say they oppose abortions.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: “Here in Nevada, overturning Roe would not be felt immediately,” state Attorney General Aaron Ford said in a position paper released after the draft U.S. Supreme Court opinion became public. Ford noted that a federal ban on abortion would supersede state law and said it would be naive not to recognize that some people want to ban abortions or make them more difficult to obtain. But he said his office will fight “attacks on abortion rights, rights to birth control access and rights for LGTBQ people.” Gov. Steve Sisolak promised in a statement to “continue to protect reproductive freedom.”

What’s next: Anti-abortion advocates are not expected to focus on trying to repeal Nevada’s abortion law. But they will seek laws affecting waiting periods, mandatory counseling or requiring parental notification or consent. Melissa Clement, executive director of Nevada Right to Life, said she believes there is strong support for parental involvement.



Political control: New Hampshire has a Republican governor and the GOP controls the 424-member Legislature. All face reelection this fall.

Background: Any abortion restrictions New Hampshire had on the books before Roe v. Wade were not enforced after the landmark 1973 ruling, and they were repealed altogether in 1997. The state had no restrictions until January, when a ban on abortion after 24 weeks of pregnancy was enacted. In June, an exemption was added for cases in which the fetus has been diagnosed with “abnormalities incompatible with life.” Anticipating the Supreme Court action, Democrats this year tried unsuccessfully to enshrine abortion rights into state law and the state constitution. Gov. Chris Sununu calls himself pro-choice and says he is committed to upholding Roe v. Wade, but he also has boasted “I’ve done more on the pro-life issue than anyone.”

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Nothing will change immediately in New Hampshire. The Legislature won’t return until fall, when there will be a one-day session to take up vetoed bills, and it would take a two-thirds majority vote to introduce new legislation then.

What’s next: The majority leader of the New Hampshire House has said the public should not expect Republicans in the Legislature to further tighten state abortion laws. But anti-abortion lawmakers who have filed bills in the past are expected to try again.



Political control: Democrats control both houses of the state Legislature and the governorship. Gov. Phil Murphy started his second consecutive term this year.

Background: Murphy ran for reelection on the promise that he would sign legislation to enshrine abortion rights into state law, and he fulfilled that promise in January. The measure also guaranteed the right to contraception and the right to carry a pregnancy to term. It stopped short of requiring insurance coverage for abortions, something advocates had sought. Instead, it authorizes the state Banking and Insurance Department to study the issue and possibly adopt regulations if a need is discovered. Under Murphy’s predecessor, Republican Chris Christie, state funds to women’s clinics, including Planned Parenthood, were slashed. Murphy restored those and has been a strong supporter of abortion rights. New Jersey doesn’t have any significant restrictions on abortion, such as parental consent or a mandatory waiting period.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Officials, including the governor, have said the end of Roe would not lead to any rollback of abortion services in the state. “Instead of hoping for the best, we prepared ourselves for the worst,” Murphy said in May, addressing reports of a leaked draft of a Supreme Court ruling.

What’s next: Murphy has proposed several abortion-related measures. On the Monday after the ruling, the Legislature began considering a pair of bills to expand abortion rights. One would allow the state to block extradition of someone facing a criminal charge in another state related to reproductive services obtained legally in New Jersey. Another clarifies that out-of-state residents may access abortion services in New Jersey, as well as allowing those facing liability judgments stemming from abortion services to countersue.



Political control: The Democrats who control the New Mexico Legislature support access to abortion, as does the state’s Democratic governor. Several conservative Democratic state senators who voted against the repeal of the abortion ban in 2019 were ousted from office in 2020 by more socially progressive primary challengers.

Background: In 2021, state lawmakers repealed a dormant 1969 statute that outlawed most abortion procedures as felonies, thus ensuring access to abortion even after the federal court rolled back guarantees. Albuquerque is home to one of only a few independent clinics in the country that perform abortions in the third trimester without conditions. An abortion clinic in Santa Teresa, New Mexico, is just a mile from the state line with Texas and caters to patients from El Paso, western Texas and Arizona.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: There will be no immediate change in New Mexico now that the high court has overturned Roe v. Wade. It is unclear if Democrats, who control the state Legislature, will pursue additional guarantees to abortion access when lawmakers convene in January. Possible avenues of legislative reform include enshrining abortion rights in the state constitution, which requires approval by voters. Abortion rights activists say the state’s equal rights amendment could be harnessed to guide more public funding for abortion-related programs. Raúl Torrez, the district attorney in Albuquerque and the Democratic nominee for attorney general, is urging lawmakers to take further steps to protect access to abortions, including protections for women coming from other states. The state Republican Party said it’s time to elect more anti-abortion candidates to the Legislature.

What’s next: The state can expect to continue to see a steady influx of people seeking abortions from neighboring states with more restrictive abortion laws. It already hosts patients from Texas and Oklahoma where among the strictest abortion bans in the country were introduced this year.



Political control: The Democrats who control the New York Legislature support access to abortion, as does the state’s Democratic governor.

Background: Abortion has been legal in New York state since a 1970 law was passed by the Republican-controlled Legislature and signed by Republican Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller. The law allows abortions within the first 24 weeks of pregnancy or to preserve the mother’s life. The 2019 Reproductive Health Act removed abortion from the state’s criminal code, codified Roe v. Wade and allowed abortions after 24 weeks if a fetus isn’t viable or to protect the mother’s life or health. Lawmakers have passed laws extending legal protections for people seeking and providing abortions in New York.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Roe v. Wade protections are enshrined in state law. New York is planning to give abortion providers $35 million this year to expand services and boost security in anticipation of an influx of out-of-state people seeking abortions once any ruling comes down. It’s unclear how many more people from neighboring states could travel to New York to receive abortion care. New York had 252 facilities providing abortions as of 2017, according to the Guttmacher Institute, a research organization that supports abortion rights.

What’s next: Planned Parenthood and civil liberty groups are urging lawmakers to start the process of passing a constitutional amendment protecting access to abortion care in case a future Legislature repeals the state law.



Political control: Republicans hold majorities in the state House and Senate, but the party lacks the margins to defeat a veto by Democratic Gov. Roy Cooper, a strong abortion-rights supporter. Since 2017, Cooper has vetoed a “born-alive” abortion measure and a bill prohibiting abortion based on race or a Down syndrome diagnosis. He can’t seek reelection in 2024 due to term limits.

Background: A 1973 North Carolina law that banned most abortions after 20 weeks of pregnancy is currently unenforceable after federal judges struck it down as unconstitutional in 2019 and 2021. Instead, abortions can be performed until fetal viability. A state law approved in 2015 provides for post-viability abortions only in a “medical emergency,” which means the woman would die or face a “serious risk” of substantial and irreversible physical impairment without the procedure.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Now that Roe v. Wade has been overturned, the 20-week ban could be restored. Legal experts say formal action would have to be taken to cancel the earlier court rulings striking it down. Republican legislative leaders late Friday asked state Attorney General Josh Stein, a Democrat and abortion rights supporter whose agency’s lawyers defended the 20-week law, to act. Otherwise, they said they would seek to intervene.

What’s next: Republican General Assembly leaders don’t plan to consider additional abortion restrictions during the soon-to-end legislative session, meaning a likely intensification of electoral efforts to gain the five additional seats the GOP needs to reach veto-proof margins come 2023. Cooper and other Democrats already are making abortion rights a key campaign pitch. Abortion politics are also expected to figure in two state Supreme Court seat elections in November. Republicans would gain a majority on the court if they win at least one of them.



Political control: North Dakota has a legislature dominated by Republicans who want to ban abortion, and the GOP governor had hoped to see Roe v. Wade wiped off the books in favor of state’s rights.

Background: The state has passed some of the nation’s strictest abortion laws, including one that would have banned abortions once a fetal heartbeat can be detected, which can happen before a woman knows she is pregnant. The law never took effect because the state’s lone abortion clinic successfully challenged it in court. One failed Republican proposal would have charged abortion providers with murder with a maximum sentence of life in prison.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: North Dakota has a trigger law that will shut down the state’s sole abortion clinic in Fargo after 30 days. That 2007 state law makes it a felony to perform an abortion unless necessary to prevent the pregnant woman’s death or in cases of rape or incest. Violators could be punished with a five-year prison sentence and a $10,000 fine.

What’s next: The owner and operator of the Red River Women’s Clinic in Fargo said she would explore all legal options to ensure abortion services are available in North Dakota. Should that fail, clinic leader Tammi Kromenaker plans to move across the river to Moorhead, Minnesota, where abortion has not been outlawed. Planned Parenthood says it can provide abortions in Moorhead until Kromenaker gets up and running.



Political control: The Ohio Legislature is controlled by Republicans who support restricting or banning abortions, and the Republican governor backs those efforts. He is up for reelection this year against a former mayor who supports abortion rights.

Background: Before Friday’s ruling, Ohio did not ban most abortions until the 22nd week of pregnancy; after that they’re allowed only to save a patient’s life or when their health is seriously compromised. But the state imposes a host of other restrictions, including parental consent for minors, a required ultrasound, and in-person counseling followed by a 24-hour waiting period. Abortions are prohibited for the reason of a fetal Down syndrome diagnosis. Ohio also limits the public funding of abortions to cases of rape, incest or endangerment of the patient’s life. It limits public employees’ abortion-related insurance coverage and coverage through health plans offered in the Affordable Care Act health exchange to those same scenarios. Clinics providing abortions must comply with a host of regulations.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: A ban on most abortions at the first detectable fetal heartbeat became the law in Ohio hours after the ruling. Enforcement of Ohio’s 2019 “heartbeat” ban had been on hold for nearly three years under a federal court injunction. The state attorney general, Republican Dave Yost, asked for that to be dissolved because of the high court’s ruling, and U.S. Judge Michael Barrett agreed hours later.

Two trigger bills are on hold in the Legislature, but a key legislative leader has said he anticipates needing to write new legislation after the decision is reversed that more carefully reflects the actual ruling. That all but certainly would not happen until lawmakers return to the capital after the November election.

What’s next: Activists are considering how to help Ohioans get abortions elsewhere. They may also mount a statewide ballot initiative that would embed the right to an abortion in the state constitution, though that could not happen before next year. Abortion opponents are weighing strategies for imposing a statewide abortion ban.



Political control: Republicans in Oklahoma have a supermajority in both chambers of the Legislature and a Republican governor up for reelection this year who has vowed to sign “every pro-life legislation that came across my desk.”

Background: Abortion services were halted in Oklahoma in May after Gov. Kevin Stitt signed a bill that prohibits all abortions with few exceptions. The ban is enforced by civil lawsuits rather than criminal prosecution. Republican lawmakers have been pushing to restrict abortion in the state for decades, passing 81 different restrictions since Roe v. Wade was decided in 1973, according to the Guttmacher Institute.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: It will have little practical effect given that abortions are no longer being provided in Oklahoma. Oklahoma also has a “trigger law” that outlawed abortion as soon as Roe was overturned.

What’s next: Given the fierce opposition to abortion from the governor and Legislature, Oklahoma will continue to prohibit the practice if states are given the option to do so. Meanwhile, abortion providers who had been operating in the state are taking steps to help patients seek abortions out of state, including coordinating funding for these women and developing a referral network of therapists to help address complications before or after a woman receives an abortion.



Political control: The Democrats who control the Oregon Legislature support access to abortion, as does the state’s Democratic governor.

Background: The Oregon Legislature passed a bill legalizing abortion in 1969. In 2017, Gov. Kate Brown signed into law a bill expanding health care coverage for reproductive services, including abortions, to thousands of Oregonians, regardless of income, citizenship status or gender identity. Oregon does not have any major abortion restrictions and it is legal at all stages of pregnancy.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: The Guttmacher Institute has estimated that Oregon will experience a 234% increase in women seeking abortions arriving from out of state, especially from Idaho. In March, Oregon lawmakers approved $15 million to expand abortion availability and pay for abortions and support services such as travel and lodgings for residents and out-of-state patients.

What’s next: Brown said after the draft Supreme Court decision was leaked that access to abortion is a fundamental right and that she will fight to ensure access to abortion continues to be protected by state law in Oregon. Democratic state lawmakers recently formed the Reproductive Health and Access to Care Work Group of providers, clinics, community organizations and legislators that will make recommendations for the 2023 legislative session and beyond. Recommendations may include proposals to protect, strengthen, and expand equitable access to all forms of reproductive care.



Political control: Republicans who control the Pennsylvania Legislature are hostile to abortion rights, but the state’s Democratic governor is a strong supporter and has vetoed three GOP-penned bills in five years that would have added restrictions beyond the state’s 24-week limit. The race for governor this year could tilt that balance.

Background: Abortion is legal in Pennsylvania under decades of state law, including a 1989 law that was challenged all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court. That produced the landmark Planned Parenthood v. Casey ruling that affirmed the high court’s 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade that legalized abortion nationwide, but also allowed states to put certain limits on abortion access.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Gov. Tom Wolf has vowed to protect access to abortion for the remainder of his time in office, through January. Running to replace him is the state’s Democratic attorney general, Josh Shapiro, who supports abortion rights, and Republican state Sen. Doug Mastriano, who has said he supports banning abortion altogether, with no exceptions. The Legislature is expected to remain in Republican hands next year.

What’s next: Legislation to outlaw abortion after the detection of a fetal heartbeat — which can happen at six weeks, before many women even know they are pregnant — has passed a House committee and is awaiting a floor vote. The state Supreme Court is considering a lawsuit filed by Planned Parenthood and other abortion providers aiming to overturn a 1982 law that bans the use of state dollars for abortion, except in cases of rape, incest or to save the life of the mother. In response, Republican lawmakers are advancing a proposed amendment that would declare there is no constitutional right to an abortion in Pennsylvania or to public funding for an abortion.



Political control: The Democrats who control Rhode Island’s General Assembly support access to abortion, as does the Democratic governor.

Background: Rhode Island’s governor signed legislation in 2019 to enshrine abortion protections in case the U.S. Supreme Court overturned its 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade. The law says the state will not restrict the right to an abortion prior to fetal viability or after if necessary to protect the health or life of the pregnant woman. It repealed older laws deemed unconstitutional by the courts. The Rhode Island Supreme Court upheld the 2019 law in May, just two days after the Supreme Court draft opinion was leaked suggesting that a majority of the justices were prepared to overturn Roe. Abortion opponents had argued the law violates the state constitution. In 2020, there were 2,611 abortions in Rhode Island, according to the state health department.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Rhode Island’s attorney general believes the 2019 Reproductive Privacy Act will continue to protect access to abortion. Planned Parenthood Votes! Rhode Island also said abortion will remain legal regardless of the decision because the right was codified in state law.

What’s next: On the Monday after the Supreme Court decision, Rhode Island’s Democratic governor said he will sign an executive order to shield abortion providers in the state from lawsuits by anti-abortion activists in other states. McKee’s office didn’t have a date for the signing, but said the governor wants to act as soon as possible. Two of his opponents in September’s Democratic primary for governor, Secretary of State Nellie Gorbea and Matt Brown, had urged McKee to sign such an order. They also want state lawmakers to return for a special session to add abortion coverage to Rhode Island’s Medicaid program and to the insurance coverage for state employees. Legislative leaders said they plan to address abortion coverage next year because it has financial implications and wasn’t included in this year’s budget.



Political control: South Carolina has a Republican governor, and its General Assembly is dominated by the GOP. However, the party doesn’t quite have the two-thirds majority in either chamber needed to overcome procedural hurdles or a veto if a Democrat wins the 2022 gubernatorial election.

Background: In 2021, South Carolina passed the “Fetal Heartbeat and Protection from Abortion Act” that requires doctors to use an ultrasound to try to detect a fetal heartbeat if they think a pregnant woman is at least eight weeks along. If they find a heartbeat, they can only perform an abortion if the woman’s life is in danger, or if the pregnancy is the result of rape or incest. The law is currently tied up in a federal lawsuit.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: After the Supreme Court overturned Roe v. Wade, a federal judge allowed the state to begin enforcing the 2021 law. Planned Parenthood and others dropped their lawsuit, but the organization said it would continue to perform abortions in South Carolina under the parameters of the new law.

What’s next: The South Carolina General Assembly’s regular session ended in May, but Republican leaders had agreed they could return for a special session to take up more restrictive abortion bills if the Supreme Court overturned Roe v. Wade. They have yet to announce a special session, despite Friday’s ruling. Some Republican lawmakers have opposed a complete abortion ban, especially without exceptions for victims of rape and incest.



Political control: Republicans hold super-majorities in both Statehouse chambers. Republican Gov. Kristi Noem is up for reelection this year and has been an ardent opponent of abortion rights.

Background: Under current law, South Dakota bans abortions after the 22nd week of pregnancy. The state has only one clinic that regularly provides abortions, a Planned Parenthood facility in Sioux Falls. The legislature has worked over the years to make it more difficult for women to get abortions, passing mandatory waiting periods and requiring them to review and sign paperwork that discourages them from ending their pregnancies.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: South Dakota has a trigger law that immediately banned abortions except if the life of the pregnant woman is at risk.

What’s next: Noem has said she planned to call a special session to craft laws for the new legal landscape if Roe v. Wade was overturned. She hasn’t commented on specific legislation, but lawmakers have floated proposals that would make it more difficult for women to seek an abortion out of state. However, South Dakota voters rejected outright bans in 2006 and 2008, and abortion rights advocates are preparing for a similar referendum on abortion access. An outright ban on abortions could eventually be challenged through a citizen-initiated ballot measure.



Political control: Tennessee has a Republican governor who is consistently vocal about his opposition to abortion. The GOP holds a supermajority in the state legislature and has steadily chipped away at abortion access.

Background: In 2020, Tennessee passed a law banning most abortions when the fetal heartbeat can be detected at about six weeks, before many women know they’re pregnant. The measure has never been enforced because it was promptly blocked by a federal court. Tennessee voters approved an amendment in 2014 declaring that the state’s constitution doesn’t protect or secure the right to abortion or require the funding of an abortion, and empowering state lawmakers to “enact, amend, or repeal statutes regarding abortion.” State law also doesn’t allow providers to dispense abortion medications through telemedicine consultations. There are six abortion providers in Tennessee.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Thirty days after the decision, a so-called trigger law will go into effect that bans all abortions in Tennessee except when necessary to prevent death or “serious risk of substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function.” Doctors could be charged with a felony for providing an abortion under this law.

What’s next: It’s unclear if the trigger law conflicts with the 2020 law banning most abortions at about six weeks. The state’s attorney general, a Republican, has not publicly weighed in. Meanwhile, Republicans are expected to continue to have supermajority control after this year’s midterm elections. Reproductive rights activists say they will direct patients seeking abortion to clinics in Illinois if Roe v. Wade is overturned, or to Florida, which would ban abortions at 15 weeks. North Carolina and Virginia could also be options for women in eastern Tennessee.



Political control: The GOP has commanding majorities in the Texas Legislature and has controlled every statewide office for nearly 30 years. Republican Gov. Greg Abbott is up for reelection in November and is favored to win a third term.

Background: Texas has given the nation a preview of the landscape of abortion access without the protections enshrined in Roe v. Wade. A new Texas law banning most abortions after about six weeks — before many women know they are pregnant — took effect in September and makes no exceptions in cases of rape or incest. Because of how Republicans wrote the law, which is enforceable only through lawsuits filed by private citizens against doctors or anyone who helps a woman obtain an abortion, Texas has essentially outmaneuvered decades of Supreme Court precedent governing a women’s constitutional right to an abortion. State data shows the number of abortions performed in Texas’ roughly two dozen clinics fell by half in the five months after the law came into effect compared to the same period a year earlier.

Effect of the Supreme Court ruling: Texas had more than 40 abortion clinics in 2012 before a decade of Republicans chipping away at abortion access began forcing providers to close. Without Roe v. Wade, Texas plans to ban virtually all abortions 30 days after the Supreme Court issues its judgment in the case, which could take about a month. Abortions would only be allowed when the patient’s life is in danger or if they are at risk of “substantial impairment of a major bodily function.”

What’s next: Many Texas women have already traveled out of state for abortions since the law took effect, but they would likely have to travel much farther now that Roe is overturned as more states outlaw abortion. Some Republican lawmakers also want to punish companies that help their Texas-based employees get abortions elsewhere, although it’s unclear how much support that idea will have when the Legislature returns in 2023.



Political control: Utah is deeply conservative and the Legislature is controlled by a Republican supermajority.

Background: The state has been restricting abortion for years, including a ban after 18 weeks passed in 2019 that’s now blocked in court. The following year, lawmakers passed a “trigger law” that would outlaw nearly all abortions if Roe v. Wade was overturned.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: The trigger law banning nearly all abortions became enforceable Friday evening, after the legislative general counsel certified the Supreme Court ruling to lawmakers. It does have narrow exceptions for rape and incest if those crimes are reported to law enforcement, and for serious risk to the life or health of the mother, as well as confirmed lethal birth defects.

What’s next: Utah law makes performing an abortion a felony punishable by up to 15 years in prison and a $10,000 fine. While it’s aimed primarily at providers, lawmakers have acknowledged that a woman who self-administers an abortion, including through medication, could potentially face charges.



Political control: The Vermont Legislature is controlled by Democrats, but Republican Gov. Phil Scott is a firm supporter of abortion rights.

Background: Vermont has a 2019 law guaranteeing the right to an abortion and voters will consider a proposal in November to amend the state constitution to protect abortion rights. Also in 2019, the Vermont Legislature began the process of amending the constitution to protect abortion rights, known as the Reproductive Liberty Amendment or Proposition 5. Vermont’s proposed amendment does not contain the word “abortion.” Proponents say that’s because it’s not meant to authorize only abortion but also would guarantee other reproductive rights such as the right to get pregnant or access birth control. Opponents say vague wording could have unintended consequences that could play out for years. Lawmakers approved the proposed amendment in February, leading the way for a statewide vote.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Nothing will change immediately in Vermont.

What’s next: Vermont voters will cast ballots in November to decide if the state will amend its constitution to protect abortion rights.



Political control: Virginia has a Republican governor who says he would support new state-level restrictions on abortion. Gov. Glenn Youngkin said Friday that he will seek legislation to ban most abortions after 15 weeks. Youngkin told The Washington Post he has asked four antiabortion Republican lawmakers to draft the legislation. He told the Post that a cutoff at 20 weeks might be necessary to build consensus in the divided Virginia legislature, where Republicans control the House and Democrats control the Senate. Youngkin generally supports exceptions to abortion restrictions in cases of rape, incest or when the life of the mother is in danger.

Background: In recent years, when Democrats were in full control of state government, lawmakers rolled back abortion restrictions. They ended strict building code requirements on facilities where abortions are performed and did away with requirements that a patient seeking an abortion undergo a 24-hour waiting period and ultrasound. Advocates said the changes would make Virginia a haven for abortion access in the South. Republican victories in the November elections shook up the state’s political landscape, but Senate Democrats defeated several measures that would have limited abortion access during the 2022 legislative session.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: There will be no immediate change to abortion laws in Virginia now that Roe v. Wade has been overturned. Some abortion providers expect to see an uptick in patients seeking care in Virginia from neighboring states with “trigger laws” that would ban abortion.

What’s next: The future of abortion access is Virginia is murky. Senate Democrats say they intend to continue blocking attempts to roll back abortion access, though they control the chamber by the narrowest possible margin and have one caucus member who personally opposes abortion and says he is open to new restrictions. Republicans also have a narrow hold on the House, with several moderate members. Every seat in the General Assembly will be on the ballot in 2023.



Political control: The Democrats who control the Washington Legislature support access to abortion, as does the state’s Democratic governor.

Background: Abortion has been legal in Washington state since a 1970 statewide ballot referendum. Another ballot measure approved by voters in 1991 declared a woman’s right to choose physician-performed abortion prior to fetal viability and further expanded and protected access to abortion in the state if Roe v. Wade was overturned. And in 2018, the Legislature passed a measure that would require Washington insurers offering maternity care to also cover elective abortions and contraception. Earlier this year, Gov. Jay Inslee signed a measure that grants specific statutory authorization for physician assistants, advanced registered nurse practitioners and other providers acting within their scope of practice to perform abortions. Supporters say the move is designed to help meet the demand from the potential influx of out-of-state patients. That same measure also prohibits legal action by Washington state against people seeking an abortion and those who aid them.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: The state “will use every available tool to protect and preserve Washingtonians’ fundamental right to choose, and protect the rights of anyone who wants to come here to access reproductive health care,” said Attorney General Bob Ferguson, a Democrat. Data from the Washington state Department of Health from 2020 shows that of the 16,909 abortions performed in the state that year, 852 involved non-residents. The majority of those people came from neighboring states such as Idaho and Oregon.

What’s next: It’s impossible to predict how many more non-resident patients will potentially seek care in Washington now that Roe v. Wade has been overturned, but the increase will likely be in the thousands, said Jennifer Allen, CEO of Planned Parenthood Alliance Advocates. The state has more than 30 in-person abortion clinics, though the vast majority are in western Washington along the Interstate 5 corridor.



Political control: West Virginia has a legislature controlled by Republicans who want to ban or restrict access to abortions. Gov. Jim Justice, a Republican, opposes abortion access and has signed two anti-abortion laws since taking office in 2017.

Background: West Virginia currently bans abortion after the 20th week of pregnancy unless a patient’s life is in danger, or they face “substantial and irreversible physical impairment of a major bodily function.” Patients seeking abortions must wait 24 hours after undergoing legislatively mandated counseling designed to discourage abortions. A minor who wants an abortion must obtain parental permission. The use of telemedicine to administer a medication abortion is outlawed. The state also bars patients from getting abortions because they believe their child will be born with a disability. The House of Delegates this year passed a 15-week abortion ban, but it died in the Senate.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: It’s unclear what the effect the ruling will have on abortion access in West Virginia. The state has had a law banning abortion on the books since 1848; Under that law, providers who perform abortions can face felony charges and three to 10 years in prison, unless the abortion is conducted to save a patient’s life. In 2018, West Virginia voters approved a constitutional amendment to declare patients do not have the right to abortion and banning state funding for abortions.

What’s next: West Virginia lawmakers could introduce new legislation restricting abortion access when they return to the Capitol in January, but they could return sooner if called into a special session. West Virginia only has one clinic that performs abortions. Women’s Health Center of West Virginia Executive Director Katie Quinonez said if abortion access is outlawed, the clinic will continue to provide reproductive care, such as birth control and STI diagnosis and treatment. She said the clinic will help women travel to other states for abortions through its abortion fund.



Political control: Wisconsin has a legislature controlled by Republicans who want to ban or restrict access to abortions but a Democratic governor who supports access and is up for reelection this year.

Background: Wisconsin has allowed most abortions until the 22nd week of pregnancy to save the health or life of the mother. A woman seeking an abortion must meet with a counselor and doctor before obtaining an abortion and wait at least 24 hours before having it done. Anyone under age 18 must have an adult relative over age 25 with them to obtain an abortion.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: Now that Roe v. Wade has been overturned, it is presumed that a state law passed in 1849 making an abortion a felony offense could go into effect, and doctors have halted procedures. However, Wisconsin’s Democratic attorney general argues that the law is so old that it’s unenforceable. The language allows a woman to legally destroy her own fetus or embryo and grants immunity if an abortion is needed to save a woman’s life and is performed at a hospital. Another state law, passed in 1985, prohibits abortions performed after a fetus reaches viability — when it could survive outside the womb — conflicting with the 1849 ban.

What’s next: Republican lawmakers are expected to attempt to clarify the 1849 law to ensure there is a ban in place, even as that issue is fought in the courts. However, lawmakers’ efforts would be stymied if Democratic Gov. Tony Evers wins reelection. Wisconsin’s Republican Assembly Speaker Robin Vos has said he supports an exception in cases of rape and that a ruling on Roe could force lawmakers to consider other related reproductive issues such as contraception. Other Republicans will push for more restrictive abortion laws.



Political control: Wyoming has one of the most Republican legislatures in the U.S. and a long tradition of libertarian-type if not always social or religious conservatism. That may be changing. In March, Republican Gov. Mark Gordon signed into law a bill that would ban abortion in nearly all instances should the Supreme Court overturn Roe v. Wade.

Background: Current Wyoming law allows abortions up to when a fetus might be able to survive on its own outside its mother’s body. The law does not specify when that happens, but it is generally considered to be at around 23 weeks into pregnancy. Wyoming currently doesn’t allow abortions after then except to protect the mother from substantial risk to her life or health. Wyoming Republicans have traditionally taken a hands-off approach to abortion but have proven more willing to limit the practice lately. The number of Democrats in the Legislature has dwindled from 26 in 2010 to just nine out of 90 total seats now. A 2021 law requires physicians to provide lifesaving care to any aborted fetus born alive.

Effect of Supreme Court ruling: The new state law that bans abortion only provides exceptions in cases of rape or incest or to protect the mother’s life or health, not including psychological conditions. Though Wyoming has no abortion clinics, abortions still occur. Ninety-eight took place in Wyoming in 2021, according to state officials.

What’s next: A planned women’s health clinic in Casper that would have been the only one offering abortions in the state was on track to open in mid-June but an arson fire May 25 delayed those plans by around six months. Clinic founder Julie Burkhart said Friday that, despite the ruling, she still plans to open the clinic and will continue to seek legal means to keep abortion legal in Wyoming. Police continue to look for a suspect in the arson investigation, and have offered a $5,000 reward for information leading to an arrest.


Associated Press statehouse reporters from across the U.S. contributed.


For AP’s full protection of the Supreme Court ruling on abortion, go to

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